Review of: Japanese Police

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Japanese Police

The Japanese Police System Today: A Comparative Study (East Gate Book) (​English Edition) eBook: Craig-Parker, L.: Kindle-Shop. A police officer in southwest Japan was stabbed and had his gun stolen, media reported on Sunday. The year-old officer was found injured in front of a police​. This study draws on direct observation of Japanese police practices combined with interviews of police officials, criminal justice practitioners, legal scholars, and​.

Japanese police officer stabbed in possible targeted attack: NHK

Japanese police have referred a sumo wrestler to prosecutors on suspicion of indecent assault, Kyodo news agency reported on Wednesday, the latest scandal​. Bild von Hiroshima, Präfektur Hiroshima: Japanese police cars - Schauen Sie sich authentische Fotos und Videos von Hiroshima an, die von. This study draws on direct observation of Japanese police practices combined with interviews of police officials, criminal justice practitioners, legal scholars, and​.

Japanese Police Brief Overview of Japanese Police Video

Japan's security forces prepare for Olympic games

The gaijin is usually not given the Ozzy Osbourne Fledermaus Video of innocence and is considered guilty by Automat Englisch, even with overwhelming evidence that your not. Any immigration or law enforcement officers in the course of their uniformed duties can ask for it and — Tv 4 law — you need to have it on your person at all times. It has a mid-racing engine with lightweight chassis and incredible suspensions.
Japanese Police
Japanese Police Hier klicken. Beachten Sie die Nutzungsbedingungen und Datenschutzerklärung. Fire Phones Fire Phone. Its just a simple matter of me seeing cops unfairly shaking people down or inciting fear or otherwise abusing their power. No complaint whatsoever towards the police in Japan. Although often translated to English as "police box", Cashtocode Kaufen Koban bears little resemblance to Online Casino Startgeld British police box. But differences in culture and behavior exist. Daisuke Komaki. I had not been informed of this by the English speaking staff before I Japanese Police out for an evening of night clubbing. In the late 70s I was living in Korea working in the US Army a couple of years and my family were in Hiroshima with my in laws. Simple as that. I was able to Spiel Skispringen a bit Austrian Navy be on my way without showing my Xal München, but next time I'm just taking the easy route Japan Times. They know I did commo for Interpol in Cambodia, we talk daily in passing, no probs, but when a Japanese assaulted me all that goodwill went out the window - it was me against them. They would rather not get involved in disputes etc. The National Public Safety Commission system has been retained. The revised Police Law ofstill in effect in the s, preserves some strong points of the postwar Eurojackpot 27.04.18, particularly measures Boateng Eintracht civilian control and political neutrality, while allowing for increased centralization. In the very least I will definately be visiting Zypern Euro Münzen at some point. Introduction to The Police of Japan Public order and safety are provided by the Prefectural Police under the oversight of the National Police Agency (NPA). The NPA is headed by the National Public Safety Commission thus ensuring that Japan's police are an apolitical body and free of direct central government executive control. The Japanese police force’s standard handgun is called New Nambu Model The “New Nambu” is named after Kijirō Nambu who designed it. It’s double-action revolver with a Special caliber based upon Smith & Wesson-style designs. In fact, it’s also called S&W M37 (Smith & Wesson) because it so closely resembles the S&W M Japanese police officers in Tokyo. The police in Japan have every legal right to stop you and ask to see your ID. You, in turn, have the right ask them why you’re being stopped. Best to politely pose the question and then submit to their request when they tell you the reason. TRAFFIC POLICE. 1. Current Situation (KB) 2. Enforcement (KB) 3. ITS Developed by the Japanese Police (KB) 4. Driver’s License (KB) 5. Promotion of Traffic Safety Education and Campaigns (KB) SECURITY POLICE. 1. Current Situation (KB) 2. Various Activities (KB) 3. The Crisis Management System after the Great East Japan. The name of the police force of Japan is The National Police Agency which is an agency administered by the National Public Safety commission of the Cabinet Office in the cabinet of Japan and is also the central coordination wing of the Japanese police system. The NPA does not have any police officers of its own but it rather has the role to formulate general standards and policies. 9/21/ · most Japanese police are cool if you arent doing anything wrong and just going about life. The thing is, as a foreigner, sometimes trouble finds you. Trouble will arise on crowded trains after an extra long day at work, long commutes etc and you and the offender take a Reviews: As most of you know, this gentleman is Logan Paul who caused international scandal following his filming of actual dead body in Aokigahara. In order to describe my views on our police system, his incident is the most useful. So, I was talking with. 6/17/ · The Japanese police drive some awesome cars for chasing the lawbreakers. The cars used by Japanese police force have a huge respect in the market. Some of the cars are famous for speed while others for their powerful engine under the hood. One .

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The cars used by Japanese police force have a huge respect in the market. Some of the cars are famous for speed while others for their powerful engine under the hood.

One might compare these vehicles with standard patrol cars. But these iconic cars do not let the crooks go much far on the roads.

Here is the list of top cars that Japanese police drives for standard patrolling. The automobile is infamous by the name Godzilla car.

It is an automobile with some amazing features of Nissan Skyline models. Japanese police forces are driving the Godzilla car for more than three decades.

It is not only a fast racing car but also has some ultimate technological features. Do you think Subaru Impreza is only a family car? If so, then you might be mistaken.

The car has compact design with high-speed engine. It is one of the toughest Japanese police cars to beat on the road. You might have to accelerate your vehicle real fast if Subaru Impreza is chasing you down.

Numerous people wish to join Japanese police force to drive a racing car for standard patrolling. The two-seater racing car with an ultimate engine looks amazing as a police vehicle.

It has a mid-racing engine with lightweight chassis and incredible suspensions. Imagine this car chasing the crooks on the roads at its top speed.

This is not just to give to peace officers, but it can help you return safely as cab drivers or people you stop to ask for directions may not speak English.

Any immigration or law enforcement officers in the course of their uniformed duties can ask for it and — by law — you need to have it on your person at all times.

During the Rugby World Cup, understand that there will be an increased police presence across the country, especially around match venues and fan zones.

By and large — especially at an international sporting event — police are deployed to assist the public, keep the peace and look for anything suspicious or unfamiliar.

This is not blacklivesmatter. Nobody is going to shoot you because of the color of your skin. In fact, the police in Japan rarely use their firearms.

Here, even raising your voice can be interpreted by Japanese police as noncompliance or obstruction.

The cops as well. No sudden moves. No surprises. Nobody goes to jail. Raise your voice indignantly, though, and you risk being seen as obstructing police duties.

You do not want to do this. The police in Japan have every legal right to stop you and ask to see your ID. Best to politely pose the question and then submit to their request when they tell you the reason.

A quick note if the situation does escalate and you find yourself being detained. By international convention — assuming your country has signed this bilateral agreement not all have — if you are held by the police in Japan, they will inform the consular department of your embassy about your arrest.

The British Embassy, for example, would then send the detainee a prisoner pack with a list of lawyers and check if they want a consular visit.

That you shouldn't steal things. Those things — they're universal. It's more the nuances of the cultural differences.

That is, you might not get arrested but [the situation] could potentially escalate and if you don't speak the language — maybe in Tokyo it's different — but out in some of the regions where the rugby is being played, if the local police don't speak English and they are asking you nicely to put your clothes back on or whatever, it might be [a good idea].

If you don't understand anything they're saying, then you might respond and if you're being too loud, they might misunderstand that as aggression.

So, it's really trying to stop any of those kinds of misunderstandings happening where people may end up getting in trouble for very minor things that are just avoidable.

To put it in perspective, while many people of all nationalities are stopped daily in Japan, the number of foreigners arrested is significantly small.

So how many UK citizens are arrested or detained in Japan in a year? Auclair adds something all embassy staff and Japanese people are likely thinking.

We actually want them to enjoy the rugby because we also are very excited about the rugby. Maybe don't moon in public, that might not be as well received as in the UK.

For more information on being culturally aware, Auclair and Hickinbotham suggest visiting the UK government's advisory page with tips for fans traveling to the Rugby World Cup in Japan.

The more you know before you head out to enjoy a match — whether live at a stadium, in a fan zone with friends or gathered in a bar with strangers — the better time you will have and the less chance of having a bad experience with the police.

Most of it, though, is just common sense — like not urinating on private property or mooning people in public.

The problem we've seen with foreigners and Japanese police is that many of these foreigners think they are above the law and act like they are back in their home countries, thinking nothing of acting aggressively and hostile towards Japanese police.

And then after the fact, crying about it on social media and using the 'foreigner card' to absolve themselves of any blame for their situation, and hoping the world readily sides with them against those xenophobic and 'racist' J-cops.

Been living in Japan for over 38 years. I've been stopped once. Produced my Resident card and on my why in 5 minutes.

I didn't ask why and he didn't say why he stopped me. Who cares? He was polite to me and I to him. People these days make trouble for themselves.

Too many Google lawyers out there. It was ironic that after all my years in Japan I was asked for identification by a police man a few days after I was granted Japanese citizenship.

We both had a chuckle. The rugby team at my school would strip themselves naked at the drop of a hat sometimes for charity, often not.

Good advice. If people behave themself, they will have no trouble in Japan, and can go back to there home countries safely. DONT urinate outside, as is common in the foreign nations.

You will be arrested and get a big fine. There are public bathrooms everywhere in Japan! How many of these foreigners were unjustly stopped simply because their only crime was being a foreigner?

In which the foreign nations is public urination common? How about Australia? Big fine Down Under, I believe. I do have an acquaintance that was looked up for a hit and run leaving the scene and falsifying information to the police, guy was looked for 3 months.

To be fair, this is not unheard of in Japan as well, especially for members of the older generation Got stopped only once in 15 years, while driving, before a G7 or similar event near Yokohama.

It was a routine "mouse trap", they couldn't have profiled me as foreigner before deciding to pull me over. Asked for my license only, saw it is golden and let me go on my merry way in 20 seconds.

Didn't even want to see the gaijin card. They were extremely polite and explained the reason as routine before major political meetings. No complaint whatsoever towards the police in Japan.

If you keep common sense and don't behave strangely or aggressively, nothing should happen. Sometime they behave very unprofessional else OK.

As crime rate is very low in Japan they don't have much work, so sometime they try to find work for themselves behave weird. Years ago, outside Shinkansen station Kobe I needed directions and I asked politely in perfect Japanese a policeman standing nearby, looking bored.

I was shocked - there was no reason for asking maybe he was bored and saw a chance to hassle a foreigner without English problems. Foreigners have been caught out just going down to the corner store.

For myself in 25 years I've never been stopped or has my card never been requested by the police. You are not required to carry your passport but you are required to carry your residents card if you have one.

Friday night drunk salary men? The word is toilets. If you get drunk I suggest you take a taxi to your hotel. Drunks in public are targets and incidental bumps can lead to fights.

Any fighting, even minor, and you will be spending some time at the police station. Don't drive unless you are carrying the necessary correct license.

Whole heap of trouble if you are stopped. I have a record for possession of stolen property. It was about twenty years ago for an old bike I found on a gomi pile back when they had "put out your big gomi" days.

It must have been reported as stolen at some stage before being thrown away. Pretty much every NJ I knew back then had been stopped and their bikes checked, in the manner of racial profiling.

I didn't get fined, but they involved my girlfriend and she had to go down to the station a few days later. They also had a quick look inside my flat.

In another incident, I was waved into the police box in Roppongi just for crossing the road. They searched my bag, my pockets, and shoes and socks.

I was well into clubbing at the time and might have been dressed that way, I don't remember. I was actually there to meet a mate and go to Yellow, a club raided many times for drugs by police, but didn't tell the police that.

I just said I was going to a sports bar. If you do get stopped, do exactly as they say, and say as little as possible to avoid any further suspicion.

Assume that any interaction with the police may lead to your person or your home being searched for drugs.

I would say stay clear of drugs, never carry, never import. If they are that important to you better to go and live in another country.

I wouldn't even frequent a club where drugs are used and raided by the police. How to talk to police Step Don't even ask for directions.

They may try fishing you for a crime and they may start hassling you with unnecessary questions. Ruined his trip spending the whole time in a cell.

Doesn't matter if they are in a uniform. That's just clothes. Photograph their ID. Put them in your shoes before you start grabbing your own ankles.

Remember, respect is earned and if you just obey them like a trained dog, pretty soon that is how you are viewed. I don't recommend chewing them out but the article is over-cautious.

I have chewed them out lots of times. Two things though I speak Japanese reasonable well and I never speak out of some victim complex mentality so I can tell my friends a "poor me" story.

I don't pull the gaijin card. Its just a simple matter of me seeing cops unfairly shaking people down or inciting fear or otherwise abusing their power.

Sure, they don't kill people here, but they are not immune to power tripping here either. They need to be called on it. That said, I found some keys in a park and took them to the police station not so long ago.

I regretted it instantly. They wanted FAR too many of my details just for turning in lost keys. They took up over an hour of my time. It's a great country and very respected around the world.

Visitors just need a little respect and common sense and a great time will be had by all. I've lived in the "farther-flung Kyushu" for 30 years and have never had a problem.

I once lived in Kyoto and missed the last train from Osaka, so I "borrowed" a bike that was clearly abandoned in an idiotic attempt to get home.

Some cops stopped me, and, seeing both the condition of the bike and mine, sent me on my way. At least one of the time, the police officer had nearly apologized for asking me my Id.

I understood it was to get a point for each request he made in the day. It was easier for him to ask a gaijin than a poor Japanese for no reason in the middle of an airport.

In fact, if you do a thing even unlawful but like a Japanese in same age bracket and same circonstances, you will get a free pass too.

Outside of that timesoace, you'll be a target. Well, that's effectively saying don't take any interest in music, because drug use and music have a long history together, back to at least the early s.

Music is one of the greatest hobbies you can have. It has enriched my life more than anything else. Some of my most vivid memories are of experiencing it in a crowd at concerts and in clubs.

No, it is not common inforeign countries. It is, however, common for middle-aged Jaoanese men to relieve themselves outside.

This is technically correct in the sense that asking is not illegal, but the police are under no obligation to the person being stopped to explain the underlying suspicion that led them to carry out the stop.

I was polite in both cases, as were the cops, and there were no problems at all. I think common sense would prevail. I stopped A police car to ask directions and was told to get in and the two officers dropped me off at my destination.

Common sense would be to put your resident card into a holder around your neck or in a case on your phone.

Don't expect common sense from the cops. I'm from the 60's so I know about that. But actually the real pleasure in music is listening and dancing.

Not all music venues are known for drug taking but the ones which are frequently raided by the cops. If you don't care then go.

Only asked for ID 3 times in plus years. In two of those cases, they were also stopping Japanese. From what young Japanese college students told me, the police are much more interested in Japanese teenagers and early 20s types who are dressed in punk styles.

I was once questioned as a possible witness in a double murder investigation. I was not asked for my ID. I guess the detective was more concerned with trying to find someone with information than whether a stray gaijin had the proper residency status.

I cycle all over hell and gone in Tokyo and get lost frequently. I'll sometimes ask for directions at at five or six koban.

The only question I've been asked is "do you read kanji? Makes the cops happy because then they can write out directions for me in Japanese.

I've been a citizen for five full years. I've been very disappointed that no cop has asked for my gaijin card.

Some European countries have laws similar to Japan. When I lived in Britain before I had permanent residency, I had to register with the police.

People from some countries still do. I worked with the police in anti-film piracy and had a fine relationship, but when I was assaulted by a Japanese in public in front of witnesses, police protected him and failed all due process procedures to shelter the assailant and obstruct justice.

Don't trust them at all. It really depends on where you are in Japan and how is your appearance, those things can lead to different treatment.

Some foreigners can live in Japan many decades only got few stops some other can have more than that. So frequent that can be really annoying.

The article is great but misses the main point that you can be held without arrest for 23 days. Meaning the police won't contact your embassy or anything because you are just being held for questioning.

Sometimes just a good will and want to help others in Japan can cost you significant of time, being questioned just for returning lost items can be vary, from less than one hour to hours.

That's right, this one of real point, there are so many cases when missing people can not be contacted. While their family, friend and co-worker are really worry.

However, yoriki were not allowed to have audience with Shogun nor to enter the Edo castle. For a yoriki officer, a residence with around tubo approximately 3.

Doshin patrol officer The term "doshin" refers to one of the low-level officials of the Edo bakufu Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun. They served in a public office to conduct general affairs and police work as a subordinate of police sergeant under the control of magistrates, Kyoto deputies, castle keepers, captains of the great guards, head castle guards and others.

Also, a lot of domains officially named ashigaru-level soldier common foot soldier under the direct control of the domain as doshin.

Well-known doshin officials are Machikata-doshin, who handled justice, administration, and police affairs in Edo under the town magistrate, and Sanmawari-doshin, who conducted patrols of the town.

Machikata and Mawarikata-doshins as well as doshin under the investigation division for arson and organized robbery often used their private pawns called okappiki or meakashi as an investigation assistant and information source.

In the light of the above, okappiki and meakashi were only private servants of a doshin, not proper members of the town magistrate's office, although they are sometimes regarded as present-day police officers.

Rather, it can be said that doshin corresponds to a modern patrol police officer. Since all the foot soldiers of the Tokugawa clan's immediate retainers became doshin when the Edo bakufu was established, various sorts of doshin were made; for example, Iga doshin and Koka doshin descended from ninja, a one-hundred matchlock infantry unit, Hachioji thousand doshin of country samurai, and so on.

Those who became a doshin in the early Edo period were specially called "fudai" hereditary vassal , and even if they lost their official titles, they were still entitled to receive salary and could leave this to their descendants.

Doshin of the bakufu were not hatamoto direct retainers of the bakufu but bakushin shogun's retainers , which were in the gokenin shogunal retainers class, and upper ranked doshin received an eighty-koku crop salary and a ration for five persons, which means they substantially had a hundred-koku income approximately.

Their salary was equivalent to that of a senior vassal of a feudal lord who had ten thousands- koku crop yields.

Yoriki police sergeant under the control of the town magistrate and many of doshin were given their residence which was like modern police quarters in Hatchobori Chuo Ward, Tokyo Prefecture , which was often used as a byword for doshin.

In addition, a residence given to a yoriki was about square meters and a residence given to a doshin was about square meters.

Since their job was disliked as it was so-called a dirty job, they formally employed a new person when his predecessor left his office although it was substantially hereditary.

Lower ranked doshin such as prison patrol doshin just received a ration for five persons, but in reality they had real handsome income as they received bribes from territorial lords and merchants, so they could afford to hire some private servants such as okappiki and meakashi thief-takers.

Hitsuke-Tozoku-Aratame-Kata literally, "investigative division for arson and organized robbery The Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame-kata post was for mostly cracking down such felonies as arson, robbers burglars and gambling.

Originally, with this post being a temporary one, the officers in this post were selected from Osakitegumigashira and Mochigumigashira, both of which belonged to the standing army of the bakufu.

After the conflagration in the Meireki era - , many arsonists and burglars appeared in Edo. Therefore, the bakufu established the "Tozokuaratame" post as the one dedicated for cracking down these serious crimes in After that, the "Hitsukearatame" post was established in Nakayama Kageyu, who was feared as a "Oni-kageyu" fiendish kageyu is known as the head of Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame-kata officers.

In , the Tozokuarateme post and the Hituskearatame post were abolished, and the jobs came to be covered by three Bugyo posts Jishabugyo for handling shrine and temple affairs , Kanjobugyo for handling financial affairs , and Machibugyo for handling townspeople's affairs.

However, in when the incident of raiding Kira's residence occurred, the Tozokuaratame post was restored, and the Bakuuchiaratame post for cracking down gambling was newly established.

In the next year, the Hitsukearatame post was restored. In , the Tozokuarateme post and the Hituskearatame post were integrated into the "Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame" post, with the post assumed by Sente-gashira the head of sentegumi a group of persons guarding Edo additionally.

However, this post became independent of Sente-gashira in The jobs of the Bakuuchiaratame post were transferred to the town magistrate post, in the year when the "Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame" post was introduced.

With no specific office provided, the residence of Sentegumi-gashira, for example, was used as the office.

The organization of the sente-gumi consisting of five to ten Yoriki officers assistants and 30 to 50 Doshin offices placed under Yoriki was used as it was.

However, persons having lots of experience in the cracking-down operations sometimes remained in the post even after the head of the Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame" post changed.

Meakashi persons hired temporarily were also used as in the town magistrate's office. The Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame-kata post was provided with the right to investigate crimes, such as theft, burglary, and arson, but with almost no jurisdiction.

Therefore, when making a judgment for a suspect who should have been administered to a punishment above the Tataki punishment basically, beating , the matter had to be submitted for the judgment of Roju the second-highest post in the bakufu government.

The Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame-kata officers belonged to the bankata guardians , who were military officers, and therefore, their cracking-down operations were relentless and were feared by the general public.

It is recorded that they were disliked by the officers at the town magistrate offices who were engaged in investigations of crimes.

Perhaps due to such a situation, villain's roles were often assigned to them, for example, in historical dramas.

The town magistrate officers belonged to the Yaku-gata group consisted of civil officers, and the Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame-kata officers belonged to the Ban-gata group consisted of military officers.

One reason for this situation was that "robbers" in the early Edo period were mostly groups of armed robbers, and when they resisted, the town magistrate officers, being unarmed, could not control them although provided with a sword as a samurai, doshin officers in the town magistrate used to capture criminals alive with jitte short one hook truncheon and ladders, without using the sword.

In addition, criminals often set fire on the building after committing a crime in it to disrupt the investigation.

Therefore, this post was established as the riot police that could crack down these criminals with arms and was provided with investigation right as well.

The Hitsuke-tozoku-aratame-kata officers were permitted to take any questionable person into custody forcibly, even if the person was an ordinary person in towns, a samurai or a priest.

He returned the following year and in established the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department in the Ministry of Interior.

This was the first modern police organization in Japan. Police power, at that time, was held by the national government. This created a structure consisting of national and municipal police with the aim of ensuring democratic management and decentralization of police power.

Most of my life I have dreamed of living in japan for many reasons and I think I would make a good cop.

In the very least I will definately be visiting japan at some point. So even if it is hard to do or would take a long time I am willing to put forth the time and effort.

So is it possible? And if so about how difficult would it be? Joined 18 Jan Messages 3, Reaction score As epigene mentioned, you must be a Japanese national to be come a police officer in Japan.

To obtain Japanese citizenship is really a very long way to go Joined 20 Sep Messages 1, Reaction score Sounds like one heck of a long road if you want to be a police officer in Japan but good luck if you decide to do it.

I recommend for practice of your upcoming profession in Japan as a police officer, that while you are still in the U.

Was researching online based on the information I received here. Does this sound right? Most types of working visas also require you to have a prospective employer as a sponsor.

Residence permission is usually granted in periods of one or three years and is extendable. Emoni said:.

Last edited: 26 Jan In case of the latter, once you pass the exam, you'll have to go to police school. Not that I want to discourage you, but to take the above exam, you'll need to be proficient in Japanese language so that you can understand the webpage above quoted Glenski Just me.

Joined 20 Aug Messages 4, Reaction score You say you will do anything it takes "I have a few long years to train before moving to japan" , yet your first post says you want to move here in only 12 months.

Ramen and shogi are nice, but if you want to be a police officer something you have not explained why , it's going to take more than an interest in hobbies and food to convince immigration.

I don't mean to be dismissive, BUT You want to become a police officer in Japan for some unexplained reason, yet you are so ridiculously far from achieving ANY of the minimum requirements for the job.

Are you a Japan national? No Did you go through The Japanese education system? No Do you even speak, read or write Japanese?

No Do you meet any of the minimum requirements for even getting a visa to live in Japan, let alone citizenship?! No The people above are being a little too kind, perhaps out of fear of being admonished.

At this point, you might as well be planning for your next life. There's no guarantee that even after all the years spent just trying to make yourself eligible you'd even be accepted into the academy, or pass through the program, or get an appointment, or even like your job when you get stuffed into a tiny koban in tottori.

Go and visit and enjoy yourself. You'll probably see a lot of Japanese police as they stop you and harrass you for looking suspicious.

Study Japanese if you want, that's at least a reasonable goal. It helps when your goals have a solid foundation in reality.

Japanese Police
Japanese Police The Japanese Police System Today: A Comparative Study East Gate Book: Craig-Parker, L.: Fremdsprachige Bücher. The Japanese Police System Today: A Comparative Study (East Gate Book) (​English Edition) eBook: Craig-Parker, L.: Kindle-Shop. A Japanese police officer was stabbed several times in the chest with a kitchen knife and his loaded handgun stolen while on patrol on Sunday morning in the. Japanese police have referred a sumo wrestler to prosecutors on suspicion of indecent assault, Kyodo news agency reported on Wednesday, the latest scandal​.


2 Kommentare

Mulrajas · 01.04.2020 um 21:07

Ich tue Abbitte, dass sich eingemischt hat... Ich hier vor kurzem. Aber mir ist dieses Thema sehr nah. Schreiben Sie in PM.

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