In diesem Praxistipp erklären wir Ihnen die Spielregeln von Mahjong. Diese sind recht einfach und helfen Ihnen, das Spiel schnell in den. Mah-Jongg wird in unzähligen Regelvarianten von Chinese Traditional bis Jewish American gespielt. Die folgende Anleitung beschreibt die Hua Bao Rules,. Das alte chinesische Spiel Mahjong. Die Steine eines Spiels von Mahjongg (mehrere Schreibweisen möglich) werden in 7 Gruppen aufgespalten, die man.
Mahjong: Das sind die SpielregelnMah-Jongg-Spielregeln Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ziel 2 2 Spielfiguren 2 3 Aufbau 2 4 Spiel-Ablauf 3 5 Spielende und Abbrechnung 3 6 Winde 4 7 Blumen und. Das alte chinesische Spiel Mahjong. Die Steine eines Spiels von Mahjongg (mehrere Schreibweisen möglich) werden in 7 Gruppen aufgespalten, die man. Grundregeln. Juli Einen Kommentar schreiben Kommentare. Mah-Jongg ist ein chinesisches Gesellschaftsspiel, das.
Mah Jongg Regeln Grundregeln VideoGibt's doch gar nicht #04 - Mahjong
Ein Ruf durchbricht die normale Reihenfolge: Der Rufer wirft nun seinerseits einen Ziegel ab und es geht von ihm aus entgegen dem Uhrzeigersinn weiter.
Ein abgelegter Ziegel, der zur Vervollständigung eines Pong oder Kong benötigt wird, kann von jedem beliebigen Spieler beansprucht werden, einen Tschau darf man jedoch nur vom Spieler zur Linken also in Zugreihenfolge rufen.
Ein Mah-Jongg-Ruf ist auch für jeden Abwurf möglich, wenn der geworfene Stein das Paar komplettiert — vor dem Schlussruf kann man jedoch kein Paar beanspruchen oder auslegen, weswegen diese beiden Ziegel auch Schlusspaar genannt werden.
Rufen zwei oder mehr Spieler einen abgelegten Ziegel, so hat in den meisten Regelvarianten der Spieler mit der höherwertigen Figur Vorrang: Mah-Jongg hat höchste Priorität und Pong bzw.
Kong übertrumpfen einen Ruf zum Tschau. Sollten zwei Spieler gleichzeitig Mah-Jongg rufen, so gewinnt zumeist nur derjenige, der als nächster an der Reihe gewesen wäre.
Sie bleiben normalerweise bis zum Schluss verdeckt in der Hand und ergeben oft in der Wertung eine höhere Punktzahl als offene Gruppen.
Einen auf der Hand gesammelten Kong muss man hingegen auslegen, damit man einen Ersatzziegel aufnehmen kann: Je nach Regelvariante werden dabei alle oder nur zwei Ziegel verdeckt ausgelegt — generell gilt ein derart ausgelegter Kong aber als verdeckte Figur und auch die gesamte Hand weiterhin als verdeckt, sofern der Spieler nicht bereits andere Spielfiguren offen ausgelegt hat.
Hat man von einem Ziegel bereits einen offenen Pong und zieht dann den vierten solchen Spielstein aus der Mauer, darf man die ausliegende Gruppe um den selbst gezogenen Ziegel zum offenen Kong ergänzen und einen Ersatzziegel vom Ende der Mauer ziehen.
Fehlt einem Spieler für ein gültiges Schlussbild evtl. Fällt der letzte Ziegel oder zieht der Spieler ihn selbst, so beendet er das Spiel durch den Mah-Jongg-Ruf und ermittelt anhand der konkreten Regeln bzw.
Wertungstabellen die erreichte Punktzahl. Scoring in Mahjong involves points, with a monetary value for points agreed upon by players.
Although in many variations scoreless hands are possible, many require that hands be of some point value in order to win the hand.
While the basic rules are more or less the same throughout Mahjong, the greatest divergence between variations lies in the scoring systems. Like the rules, there is a generalized system of scoring, based on the method of winning and the winning hand, from which Chinese and Japanese base their roots.
American Mahjong generally has greatly divergent scoring rules, as well as greatly divergent general rules. Because of the large differences between the various systems of scoring especially for Chinese variants , groups of players will often agree on particular scoring rules before a game.
Points terminology of which differs from variation to variation are obtained by matching the winning hand with different criteria scoring different values.
The points obtained may be modified into scores for each player using some typically exponential functions.
Some criteria may be also in terms of both points and score. In many variations the dealer receives no scoring bonus and does not maintain his turn by winning or a dead hand.
In classical Mahjong all players score points. Points are given for sets and hand composition and winning bonuses, doubled and redoubled for basic patterns.
Sometimes a loser may score more points than a winner. Japanese Mahjong has a complex scoring system with several stages of scoring, rules and exceptions, evening out scores and bonus points at the end of a match.
Korean Mahjong has a simple scoring system where only winner scores without any form of doubling. Some variations give points for concealed hands, in which case no melds are made except by winning on a discard.
A single player game employs the tiles of mahjong, usually played on computers or devices. Gameplay is entirely unrelated to mahjong or its variations and is a recent invention.
A two-player version was published by Nintendo. The game involves stacking tiles face up in various elaborate patterns and removing uncovered matching tiles at the end of rows.
In , in the interest of dissociating illegal gambling from Mahjong, the China State Sports Commission published a new set of rules, now generally referred to as Chinese Official rules or International Tournament rules see Guobiao Majiang.
The principles of the new, wholesome Mahjong are no gambling, no drinking, and no smoking. In international tournaments, players are often grouped in teams to emphasize that Mahjong from now on is considered a sport.
The new rules are highly pattern-based. The rulebook contains 81 combinations, based on patterns and scoring elements popular in classic and modern regional Chinese variants; some table practices of Japan have also been adopted.
Points for flower tiles each flower is worth one point may not be added until the player has scored eight points. The winner of a game receives the score from the player who discards the winning tile, plus eight basic points from each player; in the case of zimo self-drawn win , he receives the value of this round plus eight points from all players.
The new rules were first used in an international tournament in Tokyo , where, in , the first global tournament in Mahjong was organized by the Mahjong Museum, the Japan Mahjong Organizing Committee, and the city council of Ningbo, China.
One hundred players participated, mainly from Japan and China, but also from Europe and the United States.
Mai Hatsune, from Japan, became the first world champion. The following year saw the first annual China Mahjong Championship, held in Hainan; the next two annual tournaments were held in Hong Kong and Beijing.
Most players were Chinese; players from other nations attended as well. In , the first Open European Mahjong Championship  was held in the Netherlands, with players.
The competition was won by Masato Chiba from Japan. The second European championship  in Copenhagen was attended by players and won by Danish player Martin Wedel Jacobsen.
There were participants. This organization held its first World Mahjong Championship in November in the Chinese town of Chengdu , attended by participants from all over the world.
MJM tournaments host between and participants at these larger events; and there are several smaller scale, but equally successful tournaments held annually by other hosts.
Prize pools are based on the number participating. Rules are based on the National Mah Jongg League standard rules.
Mahjong is based on draw-and-discard card games that were popular in 18th and 19th century China, some of which are still popular today. Each deck is divided into three suits of Cash or coins, Strings of cash, and Myriads of strings.
There are nine ranks in each suit. In addition, there are three wild cards : Red flower , White flower , and Old thousand.
Depending on the game, there are multiple copies of each card. Games scholar David Parlett has written that the Western card games Conquian and Rummy share a common origin with Mahjong.
Khanhoo is an early example of such a game. It is not known when the conversion from cards to tiles took place precisely but it most likely occurred in the middle of the 19th century.
The earliest surviving tile sets date to around and were acquired in Fuzhou , Shanghai , and Ningbo. In their place were "king" tiles for heaven, earth, man, and harmony and also for each of the 4 "winds" which may have acted as bonus tiles.
Instead there were the wild cards known as Cash Flower, String Flower, and Myriad Flower plus an additional tile, the king of everything. These early jokers are still found in the Vietnamese and Thai sets.
The ban on gambling after the founding of the People's Republic in led to a decline in playing. The game itself was banned during the Cultural Revolution — In , British sinologist William Henry Wilkinson wrote a paper which mentioned a set of cards known in central China by the name of ma chioh , literally, hemp sparrow, which he maintained was the origin of the term Mahjong.
He did not explain the dialect of the originator or region specific etymology of this information. The game was imported to the United States in the s.
It became a success in Washington, D. This was the earliest version of Mahjong known in America. Babcock had learned Mahjong while living in China.
His rules simplified the game to make it easier for Americans to take up, and his version was common through the Mahjong fad of the s.
Later, when the s fad died out, many of Babcock's simplifications were abandoned. The game has taken on a number of trademarked names, such as "Pung Chow" and the "Game of Thousand Intelligences".
Mahjong nights in America often involved dressing and decorating rooms in Chinese style. Many variants of Mahjong developed during this period.
By the s, many revisions of the rules developed that were substantially different from Babcock's classical version including some that were considered fundamentals in other variants, such as the notion of a standard hand.
The most common form, which eventually became "American Mahjong", was most popular among Jewish women. Many consider the modern American version a Jewish remake,  as many American Mahjong players are of Jewish descent.
In , this large scale seagoing event hosted its 25th Silver Anniversary Cruise, with players from all over the States and Canada participating.
In , a second organization was formed, the American Mah Jongg Association. Millington revived the Chinese classical game of the s with his book The Complete Book of Mah-jongg This handbook includes a formal rules set for the game.
There are many governing bodies which often host exhibition games and tournaments for modern and traditional Mahjong gaming.
Mahjong, as of , is the most popular table game in Japan. Saki and Akagi devoted to dramatic and comic situations involving Mahjong. Newer units can connect with other arcade machines across the Internet.
Mahjong culture is still deeply ingrained in the Chinese community. Sam Hui wrote Cantopop songs using Mahjong as their themes, and Hong Kong movies have often included scenes of Mahjong games.
Many gambling movies have been filmed in Hong Kong, and a recent subgenre is the Mahjong movie. Although the popularity of the game in China is still broad, since , mahjong was frowned upon by the government because it is seen as a means of gambling addiction, an issue that the government always sought to tackle.
Prolonged playing of Mahjong may trigger epileptic seizures according to a study. Some doctors speculate that this may be due to stress and complex manual movement correlated with intense brain function similar to playing chess or card games such as poker.
Studies by doctors have also shown in Hong Kong that the game is beneficial for individuals suffering from dementia or cognitive memory difficulties, leading to the development of Mahjong therapy.
Mahjong was also adapted into several puzzle video games such as Mahjong Trails , listed as one of the top-grossing games on Facebook.
Even though both skill and chance play a fundamental role in the game, there is no shortage of superstitions in which players believe where they sit, how they hold their pieces or objects they have on their person will somehow affect the outcome.
For example, players will try to find seats with the best Feng Shui or wear their lucky clothing or trinkets.
Some believe that specific pieces one dot for example bode bad luck if received in their opening hand. More elaborate superstitions in Mahjong range from those found in the game poker, like not counting one's wins and losses, to the comical, like changing one's undergarments after a loss.
As with all superstitions in gaming, none of them have been properly demonstrated as effective, though, for some, the rituals have become an integral part of the game experience and its aesthetics.
Mahjong tiles were added to the Unicode Standard in April, with the release of version 5. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tile-based game.
This article is about the four-player tile-based game. For the tile-matching solitaire game, see Mahjong solitaire. For others uses, see Mahjong disambiguation.
Dann nimmt sich der Spielleiter den ersten und dritten Ziegel der oberen Reihe ebenfalls vom lebenden Ende und der Rest der Spieler zieht reihum einen Stein.
Somit hat der Spielleiter 14 und die restlichen Spieler 13 Ziegel in einer Reihe vor sich stehen. Nun werden alle Sonderziegel, also Fa-, Drachen-, Blumen-, Jahreszeiten- und Trumpfziegel offen ausgelegt und dafür vom sogenannten toten Ende der Mauer, also dem anderen Mauerende neue gezogen, bis man wieder die richtige Anzahl an Ziegeln vor sich stehen hat.
Jetzt kann das eigentliche Spiel beginnen. Auf diese Weise versucht man vier dreier Kombinationen, entweder Reihen oder Drillinge, und ein Paar zu sammeln.
Der Erste, dem das gelingt, gewinnt das Spiel. Der Gewinner wird automatisch Spielleiter für die nächste Runde.
Normalerweise zieht man einen neuen Ziegel vom lebenden Ende der Mauer, es sei denn, man zieht einen Sonderziegel. Dieser wird dann offen ausgelegt und man zieht einen Ersatzziegel vom toten Ende der Mauer.
Es gibt aber auch die Möglichkeit Ziegel zu stehlen. Wenn man als Nächstes an der Reihe ist, kann man den Ziegel, den der Vorgänger abgeworfen hat, stehlen, um ihn zur Vervollständigung einer Reihe zu benutzen.
Diese muss man dann offen legen. Kommentar abgeben Teilen! Am besten bewertet 1 Mensch ärgere Die Schocken Spielregeln sind einfach und leicht verständlich.
Ihr benötigt…. Ziel des Spiels ist es, alle Steine auf dem Brett zu entfernen. Mahjong können Sie auch herunterladen und auf Ihrem PC installieren.
In unserem Downloadbreich gibt es eine kostenlose Version. Verwandte Themen.Casino game Game of chance Game of skill List of bets Problem gambling. OK Mehr dazu. Retrieved 19 February The game has also been adapted into a widespread online entertainment. Each player randomly select one of these tiles and these tiles dictate their wind position. If a player is seen to have fewer or more than 13 tiles in their hand outside of their turn they are penalised. If multiple players call for a discarded tile, priority for Candy Cane discard depends on the declared action of the player stealing the discard. The New Mah Jongg Regeln Times. Transcriptions Revised Romanization majak. There are fairly standard rules about how a piece is drawn, how a piece is robbed from another player, the use of simples numbered tiles and Honors winds and dragonsthe kinds of melds allowed, how to deal the tiles and the order of play. Each player then draws one last tile to make a tile hand. Hyperino Auszahlung 1 Trackbacks 0 Einen Kommentar schreiben Trackback. Millington, A. When the wildcard indicator is chosen and exposed, only 3 tiles remain of the same denomination, so the next tile in the suit will also be used as a Expertentipp Polen Portugal, adding to 7 wildcard tiles for 4 players.